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Heughs (surface mines), were being cut throughout the area. Germains, Fa'side, Ormiston (much later town) and Elphinstone, all parts of old Tranent, had their own collieries and for the next 750 years the industry prospered.

Other industries grew to employ increasing populations: distilleries, breweries, tanneries and metal implement works. Farming was modernised and mills opened to provide food.

Tranent was once an important mining town, and coal was first worked there in the twelfth century.

The history of coal mining in Scotland is mirrored in the history of the coal heughs, mines and pits of Tranent.

There are also three bookmakers – Ladbrokes, Betfred and William Hill.

The town's leisure centre "The Loch Centre" has a swimming pool, children's soft play area, fitness gym and sports halls.

Events during the gala week include the crowning of the Queen who is accompanied by 29 other children from the town, the celebrations on the fields at Ross High School and the grand parade which is made up of local groups and people and which goes through the town.

Tranent Gala is funded by donations and fundraising.On the town's High Street, convenience stores include Thomsons Convenience Store and an Edinburgh Evening News store.On the south side of the town, in the Windygoul area, there is a Co-operative food store and in the west of the town, there is a Day-Today store.There is also a major youth club in the town: "Recharge" supports teens and young adults from the area.A cinema and community centre is also located in the town centre: the "Fraser Centre" was formed in 2011 and "aims to provide a Learning, Development, Arts and Entertainment Centre at the heart of the Community of Tranent".Some examples of such works exist but his has not been traced.

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